Egyptian Shawarma is a popular street food in Egypt, made with marinated meat, usually beef or chicken, wrapped in pita bread with vegetables and a variety of sauces. It's a delicious and filling meal that's perfect for lunch or dinner.

Egyptian Shawarma is a beloved street food that has gained popularity around the world for its tantalizing flavors and satisfying combination of tender meat, aromatic spices, and vibrant vegetables. This Middle Eastern delicacy has captured the hearts and taste buds of many, offering a delicious and convenient meal option.

The foundation of Egyptian Shawarma lies in the carefully selected and marinated meat. Thinly sliced beef or chicken is traditionally used, although lamb is also occasionally featured. The meat is bathed in a flavorful marinade that infuses it with a medley of spices and herbs. Common ingredients in the marinade include yogurt, tahini sauce, lemon juice, garlic, paprika, cumin, coriander, and a touch of salt and pepper. This blend of flavors creates a harmony that enhances the natural taste of the meat while adding depth and complexity.

Once the meat has been marinated, it is cooked to perfection, traditionally on a vertical rotisserie grill known as a "shawarma spit." As the meat slowly revolves on the spit, it becomes tender and succulent, with its juices infusing the layers below, resulting in a mouthwatering texture and aroma. In contemporary home cooking, a skillet or stovetop grill can be used to achieve similar results, ensuring the meat is cooked thoroughly while retaining its juiciness and flavor.

To complete the shawarma experience, warm and fluffy pita bread is used as a vessel to hold the delicious filling. The pita bread is gently warmed, allowing it to become soft and pliable. This makes it easier to wrap and encase the ingredients securely. The warm pita bread provides a comforting contrast to the savory meat, acting as the foundation of the shawarma.

Vegetables play an essential role in Egyptian Shawarma, adding freshness, crunch, and a burst of color. Sliced onions, tomatoes, and cucumbers are common additions, bringing a refreshing and vibrant element to the dish. These crisp vegetables not only provide a textural contrast but also balance the richness of the meat and add a touch of natural sweetness.

A variety of sauces and condiments can be included to elevate the flavor profile of Egyptian Shawarma. Tahini sauce, made from ground sesame seeds, lends a creamy and nutty taste, while garlic sauce adds a punch of pungency. Some variations may incorporate chili sauce, yogurt-based sauces, or tangy pickled vegetables, each contributing their own unique flair.

As each element is carefully assembled, the shawarma takes shape. The warm pita bread is filled with succulent slices of marinated meat, generously layered with the vibrant vegetables and drizzled with sauces of choice. The shawarma is then rolled tightly, creating a portable and convenient package that encapsulates a symphony of flavors.

Egyptian Shawarma is not just a culinary delight; it is also a cultural experience. Street vendors in Egypt often craft these mouthwatering creations, skillfully slicing the meat, grilling it to perfection, and expertly wrapping it in the pita bread. The aroma of sizzling meat and fragrant spices wafts through the air, attracting locals and tourists alike to savor this iconic street food.

With its explosion of flavors and diverse textures, Egyptian Shawarma offers a complete and satisfying meal. It is a culinary journey that transports you to the vibrant streets of Egypt, where the tantalizing scent of spices mingles with the hustle and bustle of daily life. Whether enjoyed as a quick grab-and-go snack or savored as a fulfilling meal, Egyptian Shawarma is an experience that tantalizes the senses and leaves a lasting impression.

Here is a step-by-step recipe to make Egyptian Shawarma:


1- 500g of thinly sliced beef or chicken

2- 4-6 pita breads

3- 1/2 cup of plain yogurt

4- 1/4 cup of tahini sauce

5- 1/4 cup of lemon juice

6- 2 cloves of garlic, minced

7- 1 teaspoon of paprika

8- 1/2 teaspoon of cumin

9- 1/2 teaspoon of coriander

10- Salt and pepper to taste

11- 1 onion, sliced

12- 1 tomato, sliced

13- 1 cucumber, sliced

14- Pickled vegetables (optional)


1- In a large bowl, combine the yogurt, tahini sauce, lemon juice, garlic, paprika, cumin, coriander, salt, and pepper. Mix well until the marinade is smooth and well combined.

2- Add the sliced meat to the marinade and mix well to coat evenly. Cover the bowl with plastic wrap and refrigerate for at least 30 minutes, or overnight for best results.

3- Heat a large skillet over medium-high heat. Add the marinated meat to the skillet and cook, stirring occasionally, for 5-7 minutes or until the meat is browned and cooked through.

4- While the meat is cooking, warm the pita bread in the oven or on a griddle.

5- To assemble the shawarma, place a warm pita bread on a plate, add a few slices of meat, onion, tomato, cucumber, and pickled vegetables if using. Drizzle some additional tahini sauce or other sauce of your choice on top.

6- Fold the sides of the pita bread over the filling and roll it tightly to form a wrap.

7- Serve the shawarma immediately while it's still warm.


1- You can use any type of meat for this recipe, such as beef, chicken, or lamb.

2- Feel free to adjust the seasoning to your liking by adding more or less spices and herbs.

3- You can also add other vegetables to the shawarma, such as lettuce, bell peppers, or avocado.

4- You can use store-bought or homemade pita bread for this recipe.

Nutrition Facts:

The nutritional value of Egyptian Shawarma can vary depending on the type of meat and the amount of sauce and vegetables used. Generally, one serving of shawarma (one wrap) contains approximately:

  • Calories: 500-600
  • Protein: 25-30g
  • Fat: 20-30g
  • Carbohydrates: 50-60g
  • Fiber: 5-7g
  • Sodium: 800-1000mg

Here are the approximate nutritional values for each ingredient per serving:

Thinly sliced beef or chicken (500g):

  • Calories: 1100-1400 kcal
  • Protein: 100-150g
  • Fat: 70-90g
  • Carbohydrates: 0g


  • Beef: Rich in protein, iron, zinc, and vitamin B12. Supports muscle growth and repair, boosts the immune system, and enhances energy levels.
  • Chicken: High in protein, low in fat (especially if skinless), and a good source of niacin (B3), selenium, and phosphorus. Promotes muscle health, supports metabolism, and aids in weight management.

Pita bread (1 piece):

  • Calories: 165 kcal
  • Protein: 6g
  • Fat: 1g
  • Carbohydrates: 33g

benefits:Provides carbohydrates for energy, fiber for digestive health, and some protein. Whole grain versions offer additional nutrients and fiber.

Plain yogurt (1/2 cup):

  • Calories: 60 kcal
  • Protein: 5g
  • Fat: 3g
  • Carbohydrates: 4g

benefits:Contains probiotics for gut health, high in calcium for bone health, and a good source of protein. Also provides B vitamins and potassium.

Tahini sauce (1/4 cup):

  • Calories: 240 kcal
  • Protein: 5g
  • Fat: 21g
  • Carbohydrates: 8g

benefits:Made from sesame seeds, rich in healthy fats, protein, and essential minerals like magnesium, phosphorus, and iron. Contains antioxidants and anti-inflammatory properties.

Lemon juice (1/4 cup):

  • Calories: 15 kcal
  • Protein: 0g
  • Fat: 0g
  • Carbohydrates: 5g

benefits:High in vitamin C, which boosts the immune system, aids in collagen production, and enhances iron absorption. Contains antioxidants and supports digestion.

Garlic, minced (2 cloves):

  • Calories: 10 kcal
  • Protein: 0g
  • Fat: 0g
  • Carbohydrates: 2g

benefits:Known for its antibacterial and antiviral properties. Rich in antioxidants, helps boost the immune system, reduces blood pressure, and supports heart health.

Paprika (1 teaspoon):

  • Calories: 6 kcal
  • Protein: 0g
  • Fat: 0g
  • Carbohydrates: 1g

benefits:Contains antioxidants, including vitamin A and C. Supports eye health, boosts the immune system, and has anti-inflammatory properties.

Cumin (1/2 teaspoon):

  • Calories: 4 kcal
  • Protein: 0g
  • Fat: 0g
  • Carbohydrates: 1g

benefits:Rich in iron and antioxidants. Aids digestion, supports immune health, and has anti-inflammatory properties. May help regulate blood sugar levels.

Coriander (1/2 teaspoon):

  • Calories: 3 kcal
  • Protein: 0g
  • Fat: 0g
  • Carbohydrates: 1g

benefits:Contains antioxidants and essential oils that support digestion and have anti-inflammatory properties. Rich in vitamins A, C, and K.

Salt and pepper (to taste):

  • Calories: negligible
  • Protein: negligible
  • Fat: negligible
  • Carbohydrates: negligible


  • Salt: Necessary for maintaining fluid balance and nerve and muscle function. However, it should be consumed in moderation to avoid high blood pressure.
  • Pepper: Contains piperine, which enhances nutrient absorption and has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties.

Onion (1 medium, sliced):

  • Calories: 45 kcal
  • Protein: 1g
  • Fat: 0g
  • Carbohydrates: 11g

benefits:Rich in antioxidants and sulfur compounds. Supports heart health, has anti-inflammatory properties, and may help regulate blood sugar levels.

Tomato (1 medium, sliced):

  • Calories: 25 kcal
  • Protein: 1g
  • Fat: 0g
  • Carbohydrates: 6g

benefits:High in vitamin C, potassium, folate, and antioxidants like lycopene. Supports heart health, improves skin health, and has anti-inflammatory properties.

Cucumber (1 medium, sliced):

  • Calories: 45 kcal
  • Protein: 1g
  • Fat: 0g
  • Carbohydrates: 11g

benefits:Hydrating due to high water content, provides vitamins K and C, and supports skin health. Contains antioxidants and aids in digestion.

Pickled vegetables (optional, nutritional values vary widely based on type and preparation)

benefits:Fermented pickled vegetables contain probiotics for gut health. Provide vitamins and minerals, depending on the vegetables used. Fermentation enhances the bioavailability of nutrients.

Please note that these values are approximate and can vary based on factors such as cooking methods, brands, and specific ingredients used.

Egyptian Shawarma is a relatively high-calorie and high-fat meal due to the marinated meat and sauces used. However, it's also a good source of protein and fiber and can be made healthier by using leaner meat and reducing the amount of sauce used.


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