Welcome to a culinary journey through the heart of Belgian cuisine with our delightful recipe for Belgien Chicory Gratin, also known as Gratin de Chicons. This dish embodies the warmth and comfort that Belgian cooking is renowned for, combining simple yet flavorful ingredients to create a dish that is both satisfying and elegant.

Chicory, also known as endive or chicon in Belgian French, takes center stage in this recipe. Its slightly bitter flavor mellows beautifully when cooked, offering a unique contrast to the rich and creamy gratin sauce. Layered with tender chicory, smothered in a velvety béchamel sauce, and topped with golden cheese, this gratin is a celebration of indulgence and sophistication.

Whether you're seeking a cozy weeknight dinner or hosting a special gathering, Belgien Chicory Gratin is sure to impress. Join us as we explore the art of Belgian cooking and indulge in the comforting flavors of this classic dish. Let's dive into the recipe and experience the irresistible allure of Belgien Chicory Gratin together.


  • 4 large Belgian endives (chicory)
  • 8 slices of ham
  • 2 tablespoons butter
  • 2 tablespoons all-purpose flour
  • 1 1/2 cups milk
  • 1 cup grated Gruyère cheese
  • 1/4 teaspoon nutmeg
  • Salt and pepper to taste


1- Preheat your oven to 375°F (190°C). Grease a baking dish with butter and set it aside.

2- Prepare the chicory: Trim the bases of the Belgian endives and remove any damaged outer leaves. Cut each endive in half lengthwise.

3- Wrap each half of the endive with a slice of ham.

4- Arrange the wrapped endives in the prepared baking dish, placing them in a single layer.

5- In a saucepan, melt the butter over medium heat. Once melted, add the flour and whisk continuously for 1-2 minutes to make a roux.

6- Gradually pour in the milk while whisking constantly to avoid lumps. Continue cooking and stirring until the sauce thickens, about 5-7 minutes.

7- Stir in half of the grated Gruyère cheese into the sauce until it melts and the sauce is smooth.

8- Season the sauce with nutmeg, salt, and pepper to taste.

9- Pour the creamy sauce evenly over the wrapped chicory in the baking dish.

10- Sprinkle the remaining grated Gruyère cheese over the top of the dish.

11- Cover the baking dish with aluminum foil and bake in the preheated oven for 30 minutes.

12- After 30 minutes, remove the foil and continue baking for an additional 10-15 minutes, or until the cheese is golden brown and bubbly.

13- Once done, remove the Belgien Chicory Gratin from the oven and let it cool slightly before serving.

14- Serve the gratin hot as a main dish accompanied by crusty bread or a simple green salad.

Enjoy the comforting flavors of Belgien Chicory Gratin, a classic Belgian dish that combines the earthy bitterness of chicory with the richness of creamy sauce and ham. Bon appétit!

Nutritional Values:

Here are the approximate nutritional values for the ingredients used in the Belgien Chicory Gratin recipe:

4 large Belgian endives (chicory):

  • Calories: 64
  • Carbohydrates: 15g
  • Protein: 3.8g
  • Fat: 0.2g
  • Fiber: 7.6g


  • Rich in dietary fiber, which aids digestion and promotes a feeling of fullness.
  • High in vitamins A and K, supporting vision health and bone strength.

8 slices of ham (approx. 200g):

  • Calories: 360
  • Carbohydrates: 0g
  • Protein: 28g
  • Fat: 26g
  • Fiber: 0g


  • Excellent source of protein, essential for muscle repair and growth.
  • Contains essential vitamins and minerals such as niacin, phosphorus, and zinc.

2 tablespoons butter (approx. 28g):

  • Calories: 204
  • Carbohydrates: 0g
  • Protein: 0.2g
  • Fat: 23g
  • Fiber: 0g


  • Provides a source of healthy fats that are essential for brain function and hormone production.
  • Contains fat-soluble vitamins like A, D, E, and K, which are important for various bodily functions.

2 tablespoons all-purpose flour (approx. 16g):

  • Calories: 56
  • Carbohydrates: 11.7g
  • Protein: 1.6g
  • Fat: 0.2g
  • Fiber: 0.4g


  • Contains carbohydrates, providing energy for the body.
  • Contains small amounts of protein and fiber.

1 1/2 cups milk (approx. 360g):

  • Calories: 183
  • Carbohydrates: 17g
  • Protein: 9g
  • Fat: 9g
  • Fiber: 0g


  • Excellent source of calcium, which is crucial for bone health and strength.
  • Good source of protein, supporting muscle growth and repair.

1 cup grated Gruyère cheese (approx. 100g):

  • Calories: 413
  • Carbohydrates: 2g
  • Protein: 30g
  • Fat: 32g
  • Fiber: 0g


  • Rich in calcium, promoting strong bones and teeth.
  • Provides protein and healthy fats, helping to keep you feeling full and satisfied.

1/4 teaspoon nutmeg:

  • Negligible caloric value


  • Contains antioxidants and anti-inflammatory properties.
  • May aid in digestion and provide relief from indigestion or bloating.

Salt and pepper to taste:

  • Negligible caloric value


  • Salt provides essential electrolytes like sodium and chloride, necessary for proper nerve and muscle function.
  • Pepper contains antioxidants and may aid in digestion and improving nutrient absorption.

Please note that these values are approximate and can vary based on factors such as brand, preparation methods, and specific ingredients used.


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