Tô, a beloved dish from Burkina Faso, is a nutritious and culturally significant porridge made from fermented corn or millet. Explore the rich history and culinary traditions of Burkina Faso through this iconic West African food. Discover the ingredients, preparation methods, and cultural significance of tô, all in one place. Whether you're a food enthusiast or looking to embrace international cuisine, tô offers a delightful journey into the heart of West African culture. Learn how to make tô and appreciate its heritage in this culinary exploration.


To make this beloved Burkinabé dish, you'll need the following ingredients:

1. Fermented corn flour: Obtained from local markets or specialty stores, fermented corn flour is made by allowing corn to ferment for a few days and then drying and grinding it into a fine powder.

2. Water: The amount of water you use will depend on the desired thickness of the tô. Start with a smaller quantity and add more later if needed.


Step 1: Gather the Ingredients

-Begin by assembling the key ingredients for tô:

-Fermented corn flour

- Water

Step 2: Boil the Water

In a large pot, bring the water to a boil. The quantity of water you use will depend on how thick you want your tô to be. It is recommended to start with a smaller amount and add more later, if necessary.

Step 3: Gradually Add the Corn Flour

Once the water is boiling, reduce the heat to medium and begin adding the fermented corn flour slowly. Stir continuously with a wooden spoon or a whisk to prevent lumps from forming. The proportion of corn flour to water may vary, but a common ratio is approximately 1 part corn flour to 2 parts water.

Step 4: Stir and Cook

Continue to stir the mixture as it thickens. The tô should have a smooth and thick consistency, similar to a thick porridge. The cooking time can vary, typically ranging from 10 to 30 minutes, depending on the desired thickness and the type of corn flour used. Adjust the heat as needed to avoid sticking or burning.

Step 5: Adjust the Thickness

If the tô becomes too thick, you can add more water gradually while stirring continuously. If it is too thin, sprinkle in more corn flour and cook for a few more minutes until it thickens to your liking.

Step 6: Serve

Once your tô reaches the desired consistency, remove it from the heat. Traditionally, it is served hot in a large communal bowl or individual bowls. Tô is often accompanied by a variety of sauces or stews, such as peanut sauce, tomato-based sauces, or vegetable-based soups.


1- Fermented corn flour can also be homemade by soaking corn kernels in water for a few days until they start to ferment. Then, they are dried and ground into flour.

2-Tô can be made using fermented millet flour instead of corn flour, with a similar process but potentially different cooking times.

The history of tô in Burkina Faso is a testament to the deep connection between food, culture, and identity. Enjoy this nutritious and culturally significant dish, celebrating the flavors and traditions of Burkina Faso.

Nutrition Value

Here are the approximate nutritional values for the ingredients you've mentioned per 100 grams:

Fermented Corn Flour:

- Calories: 365 kcal

- Carbohydrates: 77 grams

- Protein: 7.3 grams

- Fat: 3.5 grams

- Sodium: 5 mg


  • Improved Digestibility: Fermentation breaks down complex carbohydrates, making the flour easier to digest. This process can reduce the potential for bloating and gas.
  • Enhanced Nutrient Absorption: Fermentation can increase the bioavailability of nutrients, such as vitamins and minerals, making them easier for the body to absorb.
  • Probiotic Content: Fermented foods often contain beneficial bacteria (probiotics) that can support gut health by promoting a healthy balance of gut flora.
  • Rich in Fiber: Corn flour, including fermented, is high in dietary fiber, which can help regulate digestion, maintain healthy bowel movements, and support overall gut health.
  • Source of Antioxidants: Corn contains antioxidants like carotenoids, which can help protect cells from damage caused by free radicals.
  • Gluten-Free: Corn flour is naturally gluten-free, making it a suitable option for individuals with gluten intolerance or celiac disease.
  • Low Glycemic Index: Fermented corn flour has a lower glycemic index compared to non-fermented, helping to regulate blood sugar levels and provide sustained energy.


- Calories: 0 kcal (Water contains no calories)

- Carbohydrates: 0 grams

- Protein: 0 grams

- Fat: 0 grams

- Sodium: 0 mg


  • Hydration: Water is essential for maintaining hydration, which is crucial for all bodily functions, including temperature regulation, joint lubrication, and cellular function.
  • Digestion and Absorption: Water aids in digestion by helping to break down food and absorb nutrients more efficiently. It also prevents constipation by softening stools.
  • Detoxification: Water helps flush out toxins and waste products from the body through urine and sweat, supporting kidney function.
  • Skin Health: Staying hydrated can improve skin elasticity and appearance, helping to maintain a healthy complexion and reduce the risk of dryness.
  • Energy Levels: Proper hydration supports optimal physical and mental performance, reducing fatigue and improving concentration.
  • Temperature Regulation: Water helps regulate body temperature through sweating and respiration, especially during physical activity or in hot environments.
  • Joint and Muscle Health: Adequate water intake keeps joints lubricated and muscles functioning properly, reducing the risk of cramps and strains.
  • Weight Management: Drinking water before meals can help promote a feeling of fullness, potentially aiding in weight management by reducing overall calorie intake.


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